We included psychodynamic - originated from psychoanalytic - therapy here because it’s probably the form of therapy most people think of when they think of a “shrink”. The reality today is that psychodynamic therapy is rare and requires long-term (sometimes life-long) attendance. It’s usually expensive for the patient and expensive to provide as a service, and the efficacy of the treatment has often proven inconclusive.
Psychodynamic therapy comes from Freud’s ideas of finding the root causes of people’s psychological problems believed to be formed by our parents and upbringing. It emphasises the idea you have a vast unconsciousness rooted in childhood that affects your whole personality today and causes internal conflicts that clash with your conscious thoughts and behaviours as an adult.
The following video explains in more detail about the ideas behind - as well as what you can expect from - a psychodynamic therapy session.